Side effects from Napoleon

With the Napoleonic conquest of Northern Italy, the feuds were suppressed: the Calcagnini family abandoned Maranello, whose territory was divided and shared between Modena and Sassuolo.

1796 is an important date for all Northern Italy. This is precisely the time when Napoleon’s troops invaded the country and wiped out the old regimes, giving rise to an occupation that would bring several collateral effects.

For example, one of Napoleon’s edicts abolished feudal institutions. In Maranello, the consequence was that the Calcagnini family abandoned the Castle, as the Lords of the other cities were forced to “abandon ship”. At the same time, however, Maranello lost centrality: without the feud, it lost its capital status.

The new situation took effect in 1804 when the territory of Maranello was split. The 716 inhabitants of Torre Maina and Gorzano were assigned to Modena. Everything else was taken over by Sassuolo: 206 inhabitants of Fogliano and Santo Stefano, 382 of San Venanzio and 692 of Maranello.

In 1809, the town of Maranello was officially cancelled and aggregated to the town hall of Sassuolo. Although Napoleon was defeated within a period of a few years and the Calcagnini heirs returned to be the owners of the Castle, Maranello was merged into Sassuolo until the Unification of Italy.

 

Bibliography

Silvano Soragni, “Maranello, dal Castello Feudale… al Maestro Giuseppe Graziosi”, Artioli Editore, 2007