In 1904, Farmacia Caselli (Caselli Pharmacy) opened, the first pharmacy in Maranello: until then the 3,800 inhabitants only had one pharmaceutical cabinet and four doctors, three of which were veterinarians.
Despite the fact that the years around the turn of the century were better than the crisis after the Unification of Italy, Maranello still had a big problem to solve. The so-called “Health Issue”, or rather, the situation concerning diseases, medical care and the presence of local doctors. Far from optimal in Maranello.
But let’s take a step back. During the second half of the 1800s, the “medico condotto” was a doctor that was essential in places without hospitals. Once appointed, this doctor had to reside within the municipality of relevance and be always available. Work accidents, pregnancies, assistance to new mothers, measles, diphtheria, tuberculosis: he handled everything, travelled by bicycle, and he could enjoy two weeks of holidays per year.
We know that in Maranello, in 1884, there were four doctors. Three of these, however, were veterinarians. Angelo Bertacchini, Massimiliano Mesini and Domenico Cavani, in fact, kept the animals in good health, and their role was very important, given the largely agricultural economy of Maranello. If animals were fundamental to the good fortunes of the territorial economy, so were the vets: cattle was real capital and the foot-and-mouth disease was the biggest scourge to fight. Adequate knowledge of this disease was so important that even women were admitted to public meetings.
The fourth doctor was Vittorio Dallari, the only one who focused on the population of 3,885 inhabitants. The turning point in human health care in Maranello was not until 3 July 1904, the day the first pharmacy opened in the village, managed by Dr. Ettore Caselli, which replaced the simple pharmaceutical locker opened in 1895. Today, the Farmacia Caselli is a historical business, still open to the public and managed by Ettore’s descendants.
Silvano Soragni “Maranello. 1860… Da Libero Comune a laboriosa città”, Artioli Editore, 2011