The history of this land

From the Bronze Age to today.

Maranello’s history is rooted in the most remote ages and is evidenced by several signs of the ancient ages. A long way of settlements, constructions, wars, inventions you can discover by exploring the timeline that begins here below!

963

The Fogliano Parish

The Early Middle Ages is a period which lacks historical records. The exception is a document from 936 AD, which mentions a small church in Fogliano. The history of Maranello has gaps especially in the Early Middle Ages, which is the period following the fall of the Western Roman Empire..leggi tutto

1191

Maranello’s name

Maranello’s name was mentioned first in a parchment dated 1191. However, there is another legend that tells us the name’s origin. When the Terramare civilisation built its houses on stilts, or the Roman legions drove off the Ligurians, or when the Fogliano parish was founded, Maranello did not bear its..leggi tutto

1292

Struggles for power in the Middle Ages

Between 1200 and 1400 Maranello experienced a lengthy period of political instability and passed under many noble families and municipal institutions’ control. If Maranello’s experience of the Early Middle Ages was characterised by a chronic lack of information, the Late Middle Ages saw it passed like a football between powerful..leggi tutto

1464

The birth of the Calcagnini fief

Borso d’Este made Maranello the capital of a fief with its own jurisdiction and entrusted it to Teofilo Calcagnini in 1464. After his death, the fief passed on to his descendants. By 1464, Maranello already had a castle, which was different from the current one and had seen two centuries..leggi tutto

1475

Life in Maranello in the late 15th century

The first feudal statutes with rules, penalties and offences were approved in 1475. This is a precious testimony of everyday Maranello life five centuries ago. Maranello became feudalised with its own jurisdiction in 1464, and after a few years, a set of rules to dictate coexistence, offences and penalties were..leggi tutto

1498

Maranello heretics

The first heresy trial against someone from Maranello was the one against Orsolina Bernardi in 1498: 52 others followed. The most frequent allegations were magic and blasphemy. At the end of the 1400s, the community not only had its statutes and rules, it also faced a scary institution that followed..leggi tutto

1501

Maranello Castle’s history

Part of Maranello Castle was destroyed in the 1501 earthquake. These parts were rebuilt giving the Castle its current look. 1501 was a watershed year in Maranello’s history. The year saw a strong earthquake, which destroyed parts of the town, including a part of the old Castle. During the 1500s..leggi tutto

1567

The Gian Maria “Maranello” Tagliati heresy trial

A heresy trial was held in Modena in 1567 for the most famous Maranello citizen to be hauled before the Inquisition – the humanist Gian Maria Tagliati, known as “Maranello.” The trial of the humanist Gian Maria Tagliati, known as “Maranello” was held in Modena on 1 March 1567 at..leggi tutto

1736

The medieval Church of San Biagio

In 1734 the medieval church of San Biagio was rebuilt, next to the Castle – even if the faithful considered it inconvenient. There is no specific date for the Church of San Biagio’s construction. It is situated next to the Castle and was mentioned at the end of the 12th..leggi tutto

1766

The history of Via Giardini

In 1766, work began to build Via Giardini and connect Modena to Tuscany: the road will pass through Maranello, boosting trade and development of the city. The history of Maranello is intertwined with that of important roads. In Roman times, the settlement was reached over Via Claudia, but in the..leggi tutto

1804

Side effects from Napoleon

With the Napoleonic conquest of Northern Italy, the feuds were suppressed: the Calcagnini family abandoned Maranello, whose territory was divided and shared between Modena and Sassuolo. 1796 is an important date for all Northern Italy. This is precisely the time when Napoleon’s troops invaded the country and wiped out the..leggi tutto

1860

Maranello, the free municipality: when crisis hits, the nobility goes on holiday

With the Unification of Italy Maranello became a free municipality, but the situation was peculiar: on one hand, there was a farming crisis; on the other hand, the city became a holiday destination for noble families. The Unification of Italy was good news for Maranello. Freed at last from Sassuolo,..leggi tutto

1893

Eighteen kilometres per hour: the transport revolution in Maranello

In 1893, the tramway was opened that would link Modena to Maranello for 44 years. And the town dreamt of becoming a hub between the plains and the mountains. For Maranello, 24 June 1893 was an important day. For several years, the construction of a line of steam trains that..leggi tutto

1899

This church will be built (or not?): the history of the construction of San Biagio

After a long and fierce debate, in 1899 the new Church of San Biagio was opened: during its construction, many citizens of Maranello participated in the “brick brigade”. In 1894, a year after the tramway began transporting the citizens of Maranello to Modena (nearly an hour away, in return for..leggi tutto

1900

The Panini, a Pozza family

In 1900, Antonio Panini opened his mechanical workshop in Pozza di Maranello: he was the grandfather of the famous brothers that created the publishing house famous for its sticker books. All of them were from Pozza. If we read the newspapers of Maranello, the years around the turn of 1900s..leggi tutto

1904

Health issues in Maranello

In 1904, Farmacia Caselli (Caselli Pharmacy) opened, the first pharmacy in Maranello: until then the 3,800 inhabitants only had one pharmaceutical cabinet and four doctors, three of which were veterinarians. Despite the fact that the years around the turn of the century were better than the crisis after the Unification..leggi tutto

1922

The murder of San Venanzio

In 1922, two Socialists were killed in San Venanzio by a group of Fascists, who would escape punishment due to the amnesty proclaimed the following year. At the beginning of the 1920s, Maranello was still hovering between the past and future. The city had retained its agricultural identity, with only..leggi tutto

1923

Carlo Stradi, the moneylender who became a benefactor

In 1923, Carlo Stradi died: a moneylender in life, he left all his property and possessions to the town of Maranello and also promoted the construction of a care home. It is said that the mothers of Gorzano advised their children to never approach engineer Carlo Stradi. He disliked children,..leggi tutto

1925

Dante Beltrami, the first photographer in Maranello

Dante Beltrami was the town’s first photographer, typographer and organiser of local sports events, but also an important person during the Resistance. One of the businesses that opened in Maranello during the years between the two world wars, in addition to textile companies, was the printing business of Dante Beltrami,..leggi tutto

1930

The textile sector and women at work

In the 1930s new businesses opened in the textile sector, providing good job opportunities for both men and women. In the 1930s in Maranello, people who needed a package delivered could turn to Eminia Grani, called “Il Corriere di San Venanzio” (the courier of San Venanzio). The woman carried goods..leggi tutto

1931

The Maranello coat of arms

In 1931 Maranello was granted the use of a coat of arms, depicted today as a mosaic in front of the Town Hall You can see the centre of Piazza della Libertà: 16,000 pieces of marble and semiprecious stones put together by the artist Mario Montanari to form the coat..leggi tutto

1936

Giuseppe Graziosi and the Maranello Castle

From 1936 to 1942 Giuseppe Graziosi owned the castle complex in Maranello: he used it as a summer residence and studio. Artists need suitable places to create, and at some point, an artist decided that the castle complex of Maranello was exactly what he was looking for. This was the..leggi tutto

The Casinalbo – Serramazzoni and the soccer teams

In 1936, the first Casinalbo – Serramazzoni bicycle race went through Maranello, and several soccer teams were created. Ready, set, go! In 1936 the Casinalbo – Serramazzoni bicycle race took place, the first of a long series, and its route touched the Maranello area. The race was one of the..leggi tutto

1938

The Maranello Town Hall

The Town Hall opened in 1938, on the central square in Maranello, after 70 years of municipal councils in uncomfortable rooms in the outbuildings of the castle. When Maranello became a free city in 1860, the first council meeting opened with a proposal: they wanted to build a more suitable..leggi tutto

1942

Ferrari opens in Maranello

On 16 December 1942 Enzo Ferrari finalised the purchase of the plot of land in Maranello where he will transfer Auto Avio Costruzioni. During World War II, Enzo Ferrari decided to move his company, Auto Avio Costruzioni, from Modena to Maranello. In fact, the business decentralisation law forced him to..leggi tutto

1943

Ferrari comes to Maranello

In 1943, the Ferrari plant opened officially in Maranello despite the complicated climate of the historical period, with the German occupation and the Resistance. During 1943, Enzo Ferrari settled his business permanently in Maranello. It still bore the name of the first company founded in Modena, Auto Avio Costruzioni, and..leggi tutto

Resistance in Maranello

Maranello gave an important contribution to the resistance during the Partisan struggle and the aftermath of the Armistice of 1943. On 8 September 1943, near Maranello, near “La Borga” Fogliano, everyone was dancing and singing that the war had ended. Or at least, that’s what you would have thought. They..leggi tutto

1945

The Pini Massacre and the Liberation of Maranello

April 1945 was a busy month: the last bombings with civilian deaths, the Pini massacre in retaliation and, ultimately, the Liberation. In early April 1945, three Germans were walking on a road near Torre Maina. It was less than a month before the liberation of Maranello, but nobody knew it..leggi tutto

1946

The “Alfredo Ferrari” School for Motorists

During the 1946/1947 school year, Enzo Ferrari founded a three-year motorist course to properly train their workers and the young citizens of Maranello. After the war, people had to roll up their sleeves to get everything back to normal. Even the Ferrari factory had to start anew, and to do..leggi tutto

1947

The Spider 125 S: the first Ferrari racing car

In 1947, Ferrari produced its first racecar: the Spider 125 S that debuted the same year with Franco Cortese winning the first races. 12 March 1947. On the road from Maranello to Formigine, a brand-new automobile went hurtling, but without bodywork. Enzo Ferrari was behind the wheel. This car would..leggi tutto

1951

The first library of Maranello

In 1951 the first library opened in Maranello, established to preserve publications and spread culture among the inhabitants. After the first school, the first pharmacy and the first bank, it was time for the first library in Maranello. The City Council approved construction on 18 March 1951, and the first..leggi tutto

1956

The “Dino Ferrari” Scholarship

In 1956 the motorists course was replaced by the “Dino Ferrari” scholarship dedicated to the Drake’s son, who died prematurely. The three-year motorists course founded by Enzo Ferrari to train their workers and the youngsters of Maranello who wanted diplomas lasted for ten years. In 1956, the project stopped abruptly...leggi tutto

1961

The return of ceramics … and more.

In the early 1960s, many companies opened in the Maranello area, some which still exist, including the first ceramics producers that made the area part of the famous industry. The territory of Maranello is most famous for the presence of Ferrari, there is also a second industry that found fertile..leggi tutto

1963

The Dino Ferrari Secondary School

In 1963, the “Dino Ferrari” Secondary School opened in the former location of the motorists course: a modern school that would meet the needs of the automotive industry. Not many years passed after the end of the motorists course until Enzo Ferrari was back on track in the training sector...leggi tutto

Filmer Paradise in Maranello

When the Drake received invitations, he preferred to invite his hosts to Maranello in return: in 1963, he did so even with Filmer Paradise of Ford, which caused the failure of an agreement for the sale of the Ferrari. In the 1960s the Ferrari company had already made a name..leggi tutto

1965

The “Dino Ferrari” Institute moves to its present location

In 1965 the “Dino Ferrari” Institute moved to its present location and began to take shape as a nationally recognised technical school of excellence. When the “Dino Ferrari” institute opened its doors in 1963, work began to equip the new school with a more suitable venue. Construction was completed quickly..leggi tutto

1969

The agreement between Fiat and Ferrari

In 1969 Ferrari, entered into an agreement with Fiat, selling much of his company’s equity to the Turin-based car manufacturer. If 1963 was the year of the agreement between Enzo Ferrari and Filmer Paradise from Ford fell through, 1969 was the year he made a contract with Fiat. In fact,..leggi tutto

1972

The Fiorano circuit, a unique test track for the “reds”

In 1972 Enzo Ferrari decided to build the Fiorano circuit as an exclusive test track for his cars. In the 1960s, the expanding ceramic companies formed a bond between Maranello and Fiorano, but in the 1970s, Ferrari was the connection between the two neighbouring municipalities. In 1972, in fact, Enzo..leggi tutto

1988

John Paul II at Ferrari

On 4 June 1988, Pope John Paul II visited Maranello and the Ferrari factory: however, instead of using his usual Papamobile (Pope’s car), he was driven through town in a flaming red Ferrari. 4 June 1988. For Maranello it was an important date, the date of a special visit. The..leggi tutto

1990

The birth of the Galleria Ferrari (Ferrari Gallery)

The Galleria Ferrari (Ferrari Gallery) opened in 1990 with Director Mario Ledda, a project strongly desired by Enzo Ferrari during the last years of his life. Enzo Ferrari would have celebrated his 92nd birthday on 18 February 1990. Unfortunately, he had died in the summer of 1988 without seeing his..leggi tutto

1995

The Galleria Ferrari (Ferrari Gallery) managed by the company

In 1995, the management of the Galleria Ferrari passed from the Municipality to the company, due to the great success and substantial effort required: the Ferrari Museum was a reality. The Galleria Ferrari remained under the municipal administration for five years after it opened. It had been an immediate success...leggi tutto

1997

The Wind Tunnel

In 1997 Renzo Piano designed the Ferrari factory Wind Tunnel: the first step in “Formula Uomo”, to make the company a “Citadel” on a human scale. In the mid-1990s the Ferrari factory began a metamorphosis aimed at transforming it into the current Ferrari Citadel. It was the beginning of “Formula..leggi tutto

1998

The research on prototypes at the “Dino Ferrari” Institute

In 1998 the Ferrari Institute won the ENEA award, one of many achievements in the field of research on prototypes, which the school represents. In 1998, the “Dino Ferrari” Institute won its first award in the field of research and development of prototypes. It is a fertile sector, where students..leggi tutto

2002

“Formula Uomo”: famous architects in Maranello

From 2002 to 2009, the Maranello factory becomes the Cittadella Ferrari thanks to internationally renowned architects: the keywords are light, transparency and lots of plants. Over a period of seven years, the factory in Maranello was completely renovated. The project “Formula Uomo”, aimed at building a “Cittadella Ferrari” (or Ferrari..leggi tutto

2006

Mabic, Maranello Biblioteca Cultura (Maranello Culture Library)

In 2006, the new Mabic library of Maranello was built, designed by Arata Isozaki in line with the restyling of the Ferrari factory. During the years when the Ferrari Citadel took shape thanks to names such as Fuksas, Nouvel and Visconti, passion for next generation architectures went beyond the boundaries..leggi tutto

2011

Town twinning with Sakahogi (Japan)

In 2011 the twinning between Maranello and Sakahogi (Japan) was finalized, thanks to a relationship that began in school during an exchange between the Dino Ferrari Institute and N.A.C. Institute in the Japanese city. As a renowned Motor City, Maranello could only twin up with another motor city such as..leggi tutto

2012

The municipal vinegar works in Maranello

In 2012 the municipal vinegar works in Maranello was inaugurated at San Venanzio: the “black gold” from Modena finds its home in the city of the Prancing Horse. Not only fast cars and ceramics: Maranello has made itself a name also for enogastronomy. The region and the province speak for..leggi tutto

2017

189 a. C. The Romans conquer Maranello

Between 189 and 179 BC, the Romans conquered the Maranello area and drove off the Ligurians. The Via Claudia and the Roman Column provide the main evidence for the period. Maranello’s ancient history is not straight forward. Archaeological finds represent the Neolithic to the Bronze Age, but there is little..leggi tutto

4500 a. C. …there was just a hut

Archaeological remains dating back to the Eneolithic and the Bronze Age have been discovered in the Maranello area. The most ancient is a hut from the Neolithic period. Who were Maranello’s first inhabitants? Which humans originally decided to choose this area as their home? To learn something about Maranello’s first..leggi tutto

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