History

The events and the steps that take us to present Maranello (and make us think of the city tomorrow).

1191

Maranello’s name

Maranello’s name was mentioned first in a parchment dated 1191. However, there is another legend that tells us the name’s origin. When the Terramare civilisation built its houses on stilts, or the Roman legions drove off the Ligurians, or when the Fogliano parish was founded, Maranello did not bear its..leggi tutto

1292

Struggles for power in the Middle Ages

Between 1200 and 1400 Maranello experienced a lengthy period of political instability and passed under many noble families and municipal institutions’ control. If Maranello’s experience of the Early Middle Ages was characterised by a chronic lack of information, the Late Middle Ages saw it passed like a football between powerful..leggi tutto

1464

The birth of the Calcagnini fief

Borso d’Este made Maranello the capital of a fief with its own jurisdiction and entrusted it to Teofilo Calcagnini in 1464. After his death, the fief passed on to his descendants. By 1464, Maranello already had a castle, which was different from the current one and had seen two centuries..leggi tutto

1475

Life in Maranello in the late 15th century

The first feudal statutes with rules, penalties and offences were approved in 1475. This is a precious testimony of everyday Maranello life five centuries ago. Maranello became feudalised with its own jurisdiction in 1464, and after a few years, a set of rules to dictate coexistence, offences and penalties were..leggi tutto

1498

Maranello heretics

The first heresy trial against someone from Maranello was the one against Orsolina Bernardi in 1498: 52 others followed. The most frequent allegations were magic and blasphemy. At the end of the 1400s, the community not only had its statutes and rules, it also faced a scary institution that followed..leggi tutto

1501

Maranello Castle’s history

Part of Maranello Castle was destroyed in the 1501 earthquake. These parts were rebuilt giving the Castle its current look. 1501 was a watershed year in Maranello’s history. The year saw a strong earthquake, which destroyed parts of the town, including a part of the old Castle. During the 1500s..leggi tutto

1567

The Gian Maria “Maranello” Tagliati heresy trial

A heresy trial was held in Modena in 1567 for the most famous Maranello citizen to be hauled before the Inquisition – the humanist Gian Maria Tagliati, known as “Maranello.” The trial of the humanist Gian Maria Tagliati, known as “Maranello” was held in Modena on 1 March 1567 at..leggi tutto

1736

The medieval Church of San Biagio

In 1734 the medieval church of San Biagio was rebuilt, next to the Castle – even if the faithful considered it inconvenient. There is no specific date for the Church of San Biagio’s construction. It is situated next to the Castle and was mentioned at the end of the 12th..leggi tutto

1766

The history of Via Giardini

In 1766, work began to build Via Giardini and connect Modena to Tuscany: the road will pass through Maranello, boosting trade and development of the city. The history of Maranello is intertwined with that of important roads. In Roman times, the settlement was reached over Via Claudia, but in the..leggi tutto

1804

Side effects from Napoleon

With the Napoleonic conquest of Northern Italy, the feuds were suppressed: the Calcagnini family abandoned Maranello, whose territory was divided and shared between Modena and Sassuolo. 1796 is an important date for all Northern Italy. This is precisely the time when Napoleon’s troops invaded the country and wiped out the..leggi tutto

1860

Maranello, the free municipality: when crisis hits, the nobility goes on holiday

With the Unification of Italy Maranello became a free municipality, but the situation was peculiar: on one hand, there was a farming crisis; on the other hand, the city became a holiday destination for noble families. The Unification of Italy was good news for Maranello. Freed at last from Sassuolo,..leggi tutto

1904

Health issues in Maranello

In 1904, Farmacia Caselli (Caselli Pharmacy) opened, the first pharmacy in Maranello: until then the 3,800 inhabitants only had one pharmaceutical cabinet and four doctors, three of which were veterinarians. Despite the fact that the years around the turn of the century were better than the crisis after the Unification..leggi tutto

1922

The murder of San Venanzio

In 1922, two Socialists were killed in San Venanzio by a group of Fascists, who would escape punishment due to the amnesty proclaimed the following year. At the beginning of the 1920s, Maranello was still hovering between the past and future. The city had retained its agricultural identity, with only..leggi tutto

1925

Dante Beltrami, the first photographer in Maranello

Dante Beltrami was the town’s first photographer, typographer and organiser of local sports events, but also an important person during the Resistance. One of the businesses that opened in Maranello during the years between the two world wars, in addition to textile companies, was the printing business of Dante Beltrami,..leggi tutto

1931

The Maranello coat of arms

In 1931 Maranello was granted the use of a coat of arms, depicted today as a mosaic in front of the Town Hall You can see the centre of Piazza della Libertà: 16,000 pieces of marble and semiprecious stones put together by the artist Mario Montanari to form the coat..leggi tutto

1943

Resistance in Maranello

Maranello gave an important contribution to the resistance during the Partisan struggle and the aftermath of the Armistice of 1943. On 8 September 1943, near Maranello, near “La Borga” Fogliano, everyone was dancing and singing that the war had ended. Or at least, that’s what you would have thought. They..leggi tutto

1945

The Pini Massacre and the Liberation of Maranello

April 1945 was a busy month: the last bombings with civilian deaths, the Pini massacre in retaliation and, ultimately, the Liberation. In early April 1945, three Germans were walking on a road near Torre Maina. It was less than a month before the liberation of Maranello, but nobody knew it..leggi tutto

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