1957-1967 | Fabulous Sixties
Maranello, the Legend, its People
“The best Ferrari ever”
“The best Ferrari ever”, that’s how the US professional magazine” Motor Trend Classic” has defined the Ferrari 250 GTO racing car unveiled to the market in the early sixties and destined to impressively affect the many enthusiastic fans’ imagination. It represents the quintessence of the Ferrari brand so much that it is, more than any other, one of the most appreciated models in Ferrari’s fleet of cars.
The first public debut occurs at the “12 Hours of Sebring” in 1962 where it is first in GT category and absolute second overall. This is the first of a series of successes gained by the iconic 250 GTO till the year 1964, as the manufacture of the model is ceased.
It can be definitely considered a vintage car, not only for the plenty of prizes it was awarded on racing tracks, but for the company events which caused and characterized its distinctive design and performance, too.
Everyone is useful, no one is indispensable
In this period the Maranello-based company is the scene of such a major as sudden transformation, sort of an epochal milestone. In December 1961 Enzo Ferrari removes some design engineers who had made the company’s history over the years. Even the engineers Giotto Bizzarrini and Carlo Chiti are dismissed, despite their prominent role in attaining the outstanding results of the past seasons. Because of some disagreements, however, the Drake decides to end the co-operation and assigns the styling of the chassis to Giorgio Scaglietti and to the young designer Mauro Forghieri.
What’s your name?
Also to the company name is involved in the many changes the company has to cope with in this decade. In 1957 it is modified from Auto Avio Costruzioni, the historical name Enzo Ferrari gave to its industry at the time of its foundation in 1939, in Ferrari Auto Buildings. In 1960 it is changed again into SEFAC, an acronym for Società Esercizio Fabbriche Automobili e Corse. The final version is going to be adopted in 1965.
The “Dino Ferrari Institute”
Not many years have passed since the challenge of the School for motorists has been set aside. Enzo Ferrari is considering to tackle the education sector again. The aim is to set up an Institute of Higher Technical Education open to every student to attend, and above all unique in its kind. On October 1, 1963 the “Dino Ferrari Institute” is inaugurated, a 3-year-lasting vocational School named after Enzo Ferrari’s dead son. For the first two academic years the site is the same as used for the course for motorists, i.e. the farm building where the Restaurant “Il Cavallino” has its premises today. The reason why the Institute is unprecedented among similar schoolings is the close connection between school and factory (education and practice). Namely, the manufacturing plant provides the Institute with a wealth of impressive teaching resources. Ferrari engines along with other motors, bought at second-hand markets, are all available for students to study. Ferrari’s concept is to make the school meet the innovative requirements of the automotive industry by forming its students. At the moment of its foundation, this is the only school in Italy for skilled training in motor engines.
The wrong question at the right time
In the sixties Ferrari has already gained a good name thanks to its victories and the aura of exclusivity around its cars. The Prancing Horse Company welcomes distinguished guests, all thrilled about paying a visit to the works. Unlike them, Enzo Ferrari, when receiving an invitation from some famous personalities, rather prefers to have them coming to him to Maranello. That’s what occurs also in the case of Mr Filmer Paradise from Ford Motor Company, who comes to town directly from the United States on April, 12 1963. It’s not just a courtesy call: they talk business, pondering the prerequisites for a bilateral agreement aimed at the purchase of Ferrari by the American company.
The deal seems for a while to be nearly sealed. Yet, at some point in the negotiation, Mr Paradise asks the wrong question at the wrong time. Or at the right time, depending on the different standpoints. “Mr Ferrari, are you selling the company and nonetheless do you claim to be in charge of it?” The engineer goes berserk, throws Mr Paradise and his entourage out of his office and the agreement falls through, Mr Paradise missing out on buying.
This episode is emblematic of Ferrari’s personality, not only of his fiery and passionate temper, but of his being proudly “irremovable” from Maranello. “When I receive an invitation from whatever personality, I ask if they can come to Maranello” – he used to say – “If I accepted to go, they’d only see an old man. If they come here, they’ll see what we’ve done and all what we can do”.
Not just Red
The territory around Maranello is famous mainly for the Ferrari manufacturing plant. However, as it is well-known, another sector of excellence has a breakneck growth in Maranello from the sixties: the production of tiles. The town soon becomes one of the symbols of the ceramic tile territory together with Fiorano Modenese and Sassuolo.
These are golden years for an entrepreneurial and industrial development on a number of economy fronts: enterprises manufacturing ironmongery, building products, energy-producing machines, specialized mechanical workshops etc. are progressively increasing their business: a ferment that embodies the economic recovery of the period.
A decade-long Legend
For Formula 1 as well this is a decade of satisfactions while winning two Constructors’ World Championships in 1961 and 1964. The three drivers who succeed in achieving the World Title at the wheel of a Red from Maranello are respectively Mike Hawthorn in 1958, Phil Hill in 1961 and John Surtees in 1964.
Son of the Wind
This latter achievement is quite exceptional, since the British driver can boast of being the first and only person ever to win the World Title in both motorcycle racing (where he has succeeded in winning 7 World Championships) and in car racing (where he wins the Title driving a Ferrari F1 car). During his stay in the team, “Big John”, as the Brit is nicknamed, distinguishes himself for his talent and the speed he is able to reach, so that he is known inside the pit as the “son of the wind”.
The story of people who have made the recent history of our communi
A name, a brand, a myth, now indissociable from the city itself.
The events and the steps that take us to present Maranello (and make us think of the city tomorrow).
The signs of history and art that made our territory rich and beautiful.
Learn and train, the founding moments of tomorrow’s Maranello.
The story of a healthy vocation to agony and commitment.
The history of the knowledge and richness of our city, built with work and talent.
A community grows in a shared and open culture, made of practical knowledge and artistic sensibilities.
Municipal Vinegar Cellar
Monument to Enzo Ferrari
Castle of Maranello
Via Dino Ferrari
Signature of Enzo Ferrari
I. I. S. “Alfredo Ferrari”
Path of the Tiepido river
Church of San Biagio
The Witch Tower
Storytelling with Intersezioneby